Don’t let the idea of combining dairy and lemon juice scare you! This lemon whipped cream dessert (or as I call it, lemon mascarpone mousse) is thick and fluffy, slightly sweet and tart. Speaking of tarts, it’s lovely in a fruit tart – you can also top cupcakes with it, frost a cake, layer it in a parfait, or just eat it by the spoonful.
I have been making and loving this lemon mascarpone mousse for years – you could also call it lemon whipped cream, which is a perfectly accurate name. I’ve used it in and on practically anything and everything that I think would benefit from a little zesty lemon flavor:
- As the filling of a fruit tart
- To layer with strawberries in fruit parfait
- As frosting on cupcakes – I know it’s a bit out of the box, but I actually love it on top of my chocolate beet cake
- Slathered on a piece of lemon poppy seed loaf
- As an accompaniment to some delicious scones
- As a topping for pie (strawberry rhubarb, in particular)
- Swapped for the whipped cream in some strawberry shortcakes
- Directly into my mouth… you know, the usual.
But here’s the thing – people are afraid to combine citrus juice with mascarpone cheese and heavy cream because they believe it will just curdle and be ruined, or you’ll end up with buttermilk.
Not true, my friends! Let’s talk a little about the difference between curdling, buttermilk, and why the way we’re preparing it for this dessert prevents it from taking either of those forms.
What is curdled milk?
Simply put, curdled milk is what most people see as a sign of spoiled milk – formerly smooth milk that now has lumps and chunks in it. I don’t want to ruin your appetite with pictures of curdled milk, so check out these Google Image search results to get visual examples.
Milk is slightly acidic as is, so when the pH of milk is lowered even more by adding an acidic ingredient like lemon juice, the protein molecules will stop repelling each other and stick together to form curds. You’ll also get a cloudy liquid that separates from the curds (which is called whey). Appetizing, right?
But here’s the thing – the curdling of milk isn’t always a bad thing. While it could be a sign of milk gone bad, it’s also done intentionally as part of the process of making delicious things like ricotta cheese!
Hot milk vs. cold milk
Another important distinction here for the sake of the baking process that combines these ingredients is that If you were to add lemon juice to hot milk, it would curdle almost immediately. It can happen with cold milk (as you’ve likely seen with a carton of milk that hung out in the fridge for a little bit too long past it’s expiration date), but it takes much, much longer.
But that’s not what we’re doing here – we’re using cold heavy cream and mascarpone cheese and combining the ingredients in a certain sequence to prevent curdling.
What is buttermilk?
Lucky for you, I have an entire post dedicated to the subject of making your own buttermilk! I go into much more detail in the most about what buttermilk is, how to use it, and how to make it – but we’ll cut to the chase for the sake of this post – one of the methods is to add lemon juice to cold milk.
Buttermilk is a slightly sour, tangy milk that is thicker than regular dairy milk – but it’s not lumpy! That’s because you’re adding the acid to cold milk, and not hot milk.
The tartness of cultured buttermilk is primarily due to lactic acid produced by lactic acid bacteria while fermenting lactose, the primary sugar in milk.
As the bacteria produce lactic acid, the pH of the milk decreases and casein, the primary milk protein, precipitates, causing the curdling or clabbering of milk. This process makes buttermilk thicker than plain milk.
But here’s the thing – you’re not going to make buttermilk then just sit down and drink it. You’re purposely causing that chemical reaction so that you can add it to recipes that call for the combination of buttermilk and perhaps baking soda to provide a tender, light results to baked goods. Check out the full post about buttermilk for the more in depth explanation.
Will lemon juice curdle whipped cream?
In theory, yes it could – but like I mentioned in an earlier section, we’re avoiding that curdling reaction by using cold ingredients and whipping them in stages before adding the lemon juice.
We’re very purposely adding the ingredients in a certain sequence to create a “firm” consistency that prevents it from curdling (now or later) when you add the lemon juice.
Let’s talk through the process, shall we?
Making lemon mascarpone mousse
These are the ingredients you’ll need on hand:
- Cold mascarpone cheese
- Granulated sugar
- Cold heavy cream
- Pure vanilla extract
- Cold, freshly squeezed lemon juice
- Start with the mascarpone cheese + sugar: In a medium bowl, you’ll combine the mascarpone cheese and 1 tablespoon sugar, and use a hand mixer or stand mixer to beat on high speed until combined.
- Separately, combine heavy cream, sugar, vanilla and salt: In another medium bowl, you’ll combine the heavy cream, remaining ½ tablespoon sugar, vanilla and salt and use a hand mixer to beat on high speed until it forms soft peaks.
- Combine the heavy cream and mascarpone mixtures: Use a spatula to fold the heavy cream mixture into the mascarpone mixture.
- Now add the lemon: Use the spatula to fold in the lemon juice.
And that’s it, you’re done!
If I’m being completely honest with you, I usually just add the heavy cream mixture and lemon juice to the bowl of mascarpone mixture at the same time, and I’ve never had an issue.
But because people are generally so hesitant about adding the lemon at all, I just indicate that as the last step for people’s comfort level :)
What’s the right texture?
Your lemon mousse will not be completely silky smooth, but it should still be creamy, light and fluffy.
Some people think the mascarpone “curdles” when they folded in the lemon juice, but that should not be the case (unless you went a little crazy with your whisk or spatula).
Take a peek at the photos in this post as well as my original mascarpone whipped cream recipe and you’ll notice that in picture they have seem to have a similar consistency. This is going to be a bit thicker.
Can I use bottled lemon juice?
Sure – I always recommend fresh over bottled, but if you choose to use a bottled lemon juice instead of freshly squeezed, just note that your results may vary. For example, it might be creamier and less fluffy than what you see pictured.
Variants in lemon acidity
The acidity of lemons can vary based on what’s available where you live, the season, etc. There’s nothing wrong with that, it’s just something to keep in mind! So your result might be less or more fluffy than what you see in my photos just because of that variances.
Check out the video!
It can sometimes be hard to convince people only through pictures that a food will look good, taste good, and work out the way they want it to because there’s only so much you can do without a hands on experience. But I try my best, and only hope that you’ll give it a try.
Check out the video in the recipe card at the bottom of the post I’ve made of the process as well – I hope this helps you feel more confident about making this delicious lemon whipped cream/mousse/indulgence yourself!
After you’ve made this recipe, please consider coming back to share your experience with others by leaving a comment below with a star rating!
Lemon Mascarpone Mousse (Lemon Whipped Cream)
Checklist For Success
- 6 ounces mascarpone cheese, cold
- 1 ½ tablespoons granulated sugar, divided
- ½ cup heavy cream, cold
- ½ teaspoon pure vanilla extract, can substitute clear vanilla extract
- Pinch of salt
- 1 tablespoon lemon juice, freshly squeezed and cold
- In a medium bowl, combine mascarpone cheese and 1 tablespoon sugar, and use a hand mixer or stand mixer to beat on high speed until combined.6 ounces mascarpone cheese | 1 ½ tablespoons granulated sugar
- In another medium bowl, combine heavy cream, remaining ½ tablespoon sugar, vanilla and salt and use a hand mixer to beat on high speed until it forms soft peaks.1 ½ tablespoons granulated sugar | ½ cup heavy cream | ½ teaspoon pure vanilla extract | Pinch of salt
- Use a spatula to fold the heavy cream mixture into the mascarpone mixture (if needed, give it a quick beat with the mixer), then fold in the lemon juice until completely combined.1 tablespoon lemon juice
- Spoon mousse mixture into a pastry bag to pipe into serving dishes, spread on a cake, or just dig in with a spoon :) Enjoy!